Important Pigeon Vitamin
Vitamins vital organic substances that are required only in small quantities in the body. They all have their specific function and are needed to build up enzymes and co-enzymes. Pigeons obtained Vitamins from their feed up. But some are synthesized by their bodies. In this article, we will describe all important pigeon Vitamin. A pigeon’s daily vitamin requirements may well increase if extra efforts are called for during the breeding, molting, and racing seasons. After an illness in the case of diarrhea, gastroenteritis, or after the medication administered.
Important pigeon Vitamin plays a role in the (fat) metabolism and (fat) burning is sometimes called the sports vitamins (B vitamins, vitamin E, and biotin). Vitamins that support build-up and resistance are called breeding or molting vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin C, and some B vitamins). Since vitamins are essential for metabolism. They have to be administered daily, preferably from natural sources (high-quality grain mixtures or brewer’s yeast) or through well-balanced supplements. Following is a brief introduction of some essential Vitamins for pigeons.
Vitamin A, also called Retinol, is considered to be a substance that increases disease resistance. Earlier thinking that its deficiency caused One Eye Cold in Pigeons. Also used by the application of Sulpha Eye Drops to the affected eye. However, it is advisable to make this Vitamin available to pigeons that suffer from this disease as a precautionary measure. It also against other deficiency diseases.
Sources Of Vitamin A:
Vitamin A found in Yellow Corn, green vegetables, Alfa Alfa or Lucern, Fish Liver Oil. It appears that this Vitamin requires by pigeons in small quantities. The daily requirement of Vitamin A by a pigeon reported to range from 150 to 250 IU. Yellow Corn and Green Peas have rich in this Vitamin. Pigeons meet such requirements from an ordinary feed. There is no need to supplement it regular basis. To remove its deficiency and boost up its effectiveness use it with Vitamin D and E.
It is important for pigeon fanciers to have knowledge about this Vitamin. Like other birds, their pet pigeons cannot extract it from plant sources. It is found in Cod Liver Oil and is synthesized in pigeon’s skin in presence of ultraviolet rays of the sunlight. Its deficiency can also be made up by providing Vitamin A D tablets.
Benefits of Vitamin D:
Vitamin D is stored quite well in the body. It regulates Calcium and Phosphorus. It is important for bone development and muscular coordination. Deficiency of this Vitamin causes Rickets, Soft bones, malformed limbs in the young. Bent knees, softening of bones in breeding hens, reduction in egg production, and soft eggshells. The deficiency also causes swelling and malfunctioning of Parathyroid Glands. A temporary weakness or paralysis of the legs of a hen occurs soon after egg-laying if it is deficient in Vitamin D. This Vitamin affects the vitality and general welfare of pigeons.
Ultraviolet rays of the sunlight:
Generally seen that a high flyer hastens to spread its wings and legs on a hot rooftop the moment it lands after an exhausting long flight during the scorching heat of the day. When expected to seek the comfort of a shady nook. It does so in order to make up excessive consumption of Vitamin D by absorbing ultraviolet rays of the sun and manufacturing this Vitamin through irradiation of a chemical in the skin, legs, nose, and cere. Noted that it reflects rays of the sun by spreading its feathers directing these at their exposed skin. Therefore essential that lofts are constructed in the open or the pigeons are exposed to sunlight at least for an hour or two, every day.
The necessity of direct sunlight for the production of Vitamin D by the body of the pigeon has been emphasized by all experts and it has been stressed that it cannot extract it from plant products such as seeds and grains.
Breeding Set Up In Pakistan And India:
In Pakistan and India breeding pigeons are kept indoors most of the time. Some even in dark corners under an electric blub, and never see the sun and do not avail its ultraviolet rays for a very long time, are able to meet their requirement of this important Vitamin. It is added that such pigeons are kept inside and never allowed to leave the room to which they are confined for months without much adverse effect on their health and breeding activity. Is it possible that? First: Pigeons do produce Vitamin D in the presence of indirect sunlight, as well as with the help of artificial light. Second: They can extract Vitamin D from seeds and grains or from other plant products to a limited extent. Third: They do manufacture this Vitamin within their bodies from substances other than those they use in the presence of the direct sun rays.
Vitamin E, also known as Tocopherol and Fertility Vitamin. It’s Founded in Wheat, Sorghum, Peas, Pulses, and green leaves. It is highly favorable for blood synthesis and circulation. It has the most beneficial effect on almost all body functions. Like as egg production, muscular coordination, fertility, and general health.
Benifits of Vitamin E:
Vitamin E increases muscles building and improves circulation, and thus enhances muscular activity. Ensure that muscles are more efficient in their use of oxygen and, therefore, function longer without suffering from fatigue. This Vitamin is most effective when combined with Vitamin B12 but is usually marketed with Vitamin A and D3.
Sources Of Vitamin E:
Vitamin E is most abundant in wheat germ oil and, therefore, this Vitamin is given the credit of being a fertility Vitamin quite potent for sex. According to the experts, it is the chemical octacosanol in this oil that promotes sexual activity. However, one must be careful to ensure that wheat germ oil, and the feed containing this very useful Vitamin, are not rancid and the grains and seeds are not old.
This Vitamin is also very useful as an anticoagulant in case of internal bleeding caused by a parasitic infestation. It was in 1934 that its deficiency was found to cause internal multiple hemorrhages. Since its deficiency has been reported in pigeons. It is now included in most multivitamin preparations sold for the pigeons.
How To Use Vitamin K:
Although it is sufficiently present in most seeds and grains constituting their feed. And also in green leaves and vegetable oils. Its use after treatment of pigeons with antibiotics is recommended. However, since it thickens the blood it should be used with care. It should also be remembered that this Vitamin is destroyed by direct sunlight quite easily in prepared pigeon feeds.
Vitamin F is another important pigeon Vitamin. It is related to skin and feather health. Vitamin F sufficiently available in the pigeon feeds and is also present in rapeseeds, wheat germ, and linseed oils.
Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid:
Although deficiency of this Vitamin attributed to causing scurvy in man no such drawback reported in pigeons. Most grains and seeds lack this Vitamin it is not of many consequences as it is manufactured by the liver from various substances. Mostly from Glucose, however, advisable to provide it to sick and ailing pigeons along with other Vitamins as a precautionary measure. This Vitamin is available in Alfalfa, fruits, and vegetables and is also produced synthetically and so is available from medical stores.
This highly useful and important pigeon Vitamin was discovered in 1918. At present, constitutes a rather large group of very essential Vitamins. Such discovery is expected to expand further with time. Vitamin B complex effects and influences almost every part and system of the pigeon body. Especially growth, nervous system, liver, heart, digestive system, fertility, muscles, and kidneys. Following are some of the more important pigeon Vitamins of this group from the point of pigeon health.
Vitamin B1 Thiamine:
Is an important pigeon vitamin It also affects the digestive system, nervous system, including the brain.
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Lactoflavin:
It is an important pigeon vitamin and involved mostly with the metabolism of sugars.
Vitamin B3 Nicotinic Acid Or Niacin:
This Vitamin is essential for the digestive system and the formation of blood. It’s because of an important pigeon Vitamin for the general health and welfare of pigeons.
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid:
Another important pigeon Vitamin is Vitamin B5. This Vitamin is an essential substance for the development of pigments for pigeon feathers.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine or Pyridoxal:
This is an extremely important pigeon Vitamin that is essential for the metabolism of proteins. As well as that of fatty acids. A water-soluble Vitamin that, unlike other such Vitamins, does not get excreted automatically. Therefore, its overdose may prove harmful. One should not administer a pill meant for human beings to a pigeon as it is about 150 times more than it needs.
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin:
This Vitamin not found in seeds, grains, or other vegetable matter, previously labeled as an animal protein factor without any idea about its source. Not found in pigeon feed from a vegetative source. It is advisable to provide them with some animal-based supplements. It is however quite fortunate that most multivitamin packs contain an adequate quantity of this Vitamin.
Role In Pigeons:
Role in pigeon health uncertain but generally believed that it is important for pigeon’s Vitamin for producing blood cells. Although required in very small quantity. Its deficiency causes excessive mortality of chicks in the shells. The use of B12 improves the function and effect of Vitamin E.
Vitamin H Biotin:
This is another very useful water-soluble important pigeon Vitamin. Extremely important from point of view of metabolism of both sugars and fats and hence energy. It is quite adequately available in seeds and grains.
Inositol is a water-soluble substance of the Vitamin B group. Very good for human beings as well as for pigeons. It reduces feathers loss and helps reduce cholesterol in the blood. It’s because used as an important pigeon Vitamin. It plays a role in the distribution of fats in the body. Important in the functioning of the brain cells. Stimulates the functioning of the intestine.
A Vitamin non-essential amino acid recently discovered to have a dramatic effect on energy metabolism and enhancing performance. So now used by flyer and racer pigeon fanciers to promote the efficiency of their pigeons quite extensively. L-Carnitine considers promoting performance by facilitating the passage of fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cells. These cells are responsible for energy generation and act as its storehouses.
Benefits Of L-Carnitine:
Promotes energy production by facilitating the passage of fatty acids into mitochondria through their membranes. Controls fatty acids in the blood through their oxidation and consumption to produce energy. It Reduces stress, muscle fatigue, and cramps by inhibiting the excessive build-up of lactic acid in the body. Shortness recovery time in pigeons after flights. Promotes growths of chicks and nestlings. Reduces weight loss of breeding and performing pigeons.
Sources of L-Carnitine:
L-Carnitine founds naturally in most seeds and grains. Manufactured by the body from such amino acids as lysine and methionine found in dairy products. Therefore, dry milk, cheese, and butter are good sources. L-Carnitine founds in corn, wheat, rapeseed, milo, and barley. 1 Kg of barley contains 10 to 38 mg of L-Carnitine.